Carmen de Burgos

(1867 – 1932) Carmen de Burgos alias La Colombine (writer pseudonym) played many parts during her life: teacher, pedagogue, journalist, war correspondent, traveller, lecturer, free mason, human rights advocate and most of all women’s rights suffragist. Carmen de Burgos Segui, Colombine, 1867 – 1932 is one of the most important and influential woman in the first third of the XX Century in Spain. She was an intellectual which held progressive

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Juan Cassinello

(1849- 1924) Juan Cassinello, born in 1849, was doctor of Civil and Canon Law. He was a member of Parliament for Almeria, senator in 1896 and member of Parlaiment in 1898 and chief of the Democratic party. It is said in his family circles, that Juan Casinello had a very heated discussion with another politician to the point that they even threw their gloves at each other to duel. As

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Emilio Perez Ibáñez

( Almería, 1849-1903) Emilio Perez Ibañez( Almería, 1849-1903) was a politician and lawyer. He studied law and Philosophy and Literature in Granada and in 1870 he opened a law firm and a law academy. He belonged to the Conservative Party and he became a public worker in the City Council in 1875. That same year, he took part in a commission that travelled to Madrid to congratulate King Alfonso XII.

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Pedro El Morato

Nicolás Salmerón

(1837 – 1908) Nicolas Salmeron y Alonso (Alhama la eca, 1837 – Pau France, 1908) was a republican, university professor, president of the I Spanish Republic and a man of profound moral and ethical convictions. He tried to spread the ideas of the German philosopher Krause in Spanish politics and to guide XIX Century and XX Century Spanish Republicanism towards parliamentary orthodoxy. Nicolas Salmeron y Alonso interest in politics was

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Fco. Rueda López

(Almería 1834-1903) Vocational journalist, prolific writer, Francisco Rueda Lopez carried out an enormous informative and cultural task in La Cronica Meridional, the newspaper with the longest history in Almeria (1860-1936) with 25,000 editions, it is a perfect source to find out the transformations that Almeria suffered in those years. Francisco founded the Newspaper and was its owner, director and editor (sometimes completely alone). A man of great temper and progressive

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Navarro Rodrigo

( Alicante, 1833- Madrid, 1903) Carlos Navarro Rodrigo, main political figure of Liberal Almeria during the Spanish Restauracion (political period in which the Bourbons were restored on the Throne 1874-1931). Born of humble origins, Carlos Navarro Rodrigo sealed a long lasting friendship with Francisco Giner de los Rios (influential Spanish intellectual of the end of XIX Century – beginning of XX Century) during secondary school. During his younger years, literature

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Juan Lilora Gómez

(Adra 1829- Almería 1894) Politician and entrepreneur dedicated to the exportation of grapes; at the beginning of 1860 he moved to Almeria city and participated in the firm Spencer and Roda, one of the most important in the Province since the middle of the XIX Century until the beginning of the XX Century. The Company was dedicated to the exportation and commercialisation of minerals, grapes and esparto grass. Juan Lirola

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Jose Maria Orbera

(Valencia, 1827- Almería, 1886) Jose Maria Orbera y Carrion was bishop of Almeria but he came from a humble family: He was the second son of seven children of the matrimony formed by Ignacio Orbera y Palomar and Maria Carrion y Llorens. He learned the trade of shoemaker and worked several years in the family business. He was brought up in humble, numerous and Christian family. From 1837 to 1841,

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